DJI - Terrain Informed Flight for DJI Drones

DJI - Terrain Informed Flight for DJI Drones

Terrain Informed Flights for DJI Drones


Overview

What

Terrain informed flight planning is a FieldAgent iOS feature that allows users to plan flights with a consistent distance above the ground over hilly terrain. During flight planning, FieldAgent will use elevation data of the flight area it receives from an online source and adjust the altitudes of the flight plan accordingly. 

Why

#1. As always -- Safety. Many flight plans that were previously unsafe or impossible to fly due to hilly terrain are now attainable.  When a hill is in the middle of a flight boundary, the flight plan should instruct the drone to go up and over.

That said, flight plans still need to be verified and altered to maintain safe distances from trees and other potential hazards. 

#2. Data quality and consistency -- Most analytics, such as stand and tassel counts, are trained on imagery captured with a set resolution. The closer imagery can be captured to the expected resolution, the more accurate the results will be. Consistently capturing at the same altitude above the crops throughout flight will produce better results.

Warnings

When used correctly, terrain informed flights can be safer, avoiding large changes in terrain elevation. That said, there are precautions to note:
  1. Your drone will NOT reactively follow terrain or other obstacles.  The collision avoidance sensors on your drone are not used to react to changes in terrain and should never be relied on to stop the drone during flight. The path and altitude of the entire flight is set before take-off, when the flight plan is uploaded to the drone.
  2. The adjusted flight altitude is only based on ground elevation data. The drone therefore does NOT account for or react to anything above ground level, including trees, powerlines, buildings, or any other tall objects in the planned flight path. If terrain informed flight planning is turned on for a 50ft flight, it will not fly over a 50ft tree. If it appears that the drone may collide with anything during flight, take over immediately (see below).

How to Use

To plan a terrain informed flight:
  1. Plan a mission as you normally would. Set boundaries, cameras, presets, etc.
  2. Toggle on the Terrain Informed option before takeoff.
  3. Select Review to verify the flight plan is accurate and safe. The coloring of the flight plan reflects the altitude at which the drone will be at throughout flight; green = higher, red = lower.

  4. Remember, the flight plan does not account for trees. If your flight plan passes through the path of a tree, adjust the boundaries or buffer as necessary by clicking into that segment of the flight plan.

  5. If your flight plan consists of multiple segments, use the arrows on the sides of the graph to different segment.

Flight Planning with Trees

Concave flight boundaries with surrounding trees should be replanned as line missions. Look closely at planned flight routes before pressing launch. Some flight patterns with concave flight boundaries may cut through the boundaries. Cutting through the boundary is the most efficient path, but not the safest. To solve this problem, clear the flight plan and, in the order the drone can safely fly, select all the locations where you would like to capture an image for stand count. Planning flights in this manner also makes it less likely that images are captured over areas where a stand count may not be possible (ex. Over terracing or irrigation channels). See below for an example of a custom planned line flight that ensures the drone will not cross over trees while capturing photos.

How it Works

Terrain informed flight planning compares a set flight plan to an online elevation data source and the altitude of waypoints throughout the flight plan to maintain a constant altitude above the ground.

Requirements

Terrain Informed flight planning requires:
  1. Any FieldAgent compatible DJI Drone (Phantom 4 Pro V2, Mavic 2 Pro, M300 etc.).
  2. Internet Connection.
Without an internet connection, Fieldagent is unable to query the terrain elevation database for the locations in the flight plan. Currently FieldAgent does not have capabilities to save flight plans for offline use.

When to Use

Terrain Informed Flight plans are most useful for Stand & Tassel Counts over hilly terrain. 

Takeover in an Emergency

You are responsible for the drone throughout the entire flight. 
If flight progress needs to be interrupted at any point during the drone's planning route:
  1. Press and hold the Return to Home (RTH) button on your controller. The controller will begin to beep. The drone will exit the flight plan and adjust it's altitude to the transit altitude that was set in FieldAgent prior to takeoff. The drone will then fly to the recorded home point in an attempt to land.
  2. If you need to maneuver the drone manually, press the RTH button once more. You'll have full control of the drone with the sticks on the remote control.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Where is the elevation data from?
A: Google Elevation API.







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